DNA analysis of of 50000-year-old European bison (wisent) remains from a cave in France revealed that it originated from a previously unknown hybrid species of wisent which was depicted through Upper Palaeolithic rock art 15000 years ago.
A study of sequenced DNA from remains of cats dated from 13000 BC to 18th century AD reveals how cats spread throughout ancient Eurasia and Africa.
Underwater archaeologists discovered a human skeleton at the wreckage site of the ancient ship that carried the clockwork device known as the Antykithera mechanism. The individual found at the 2000-year-old wreckage, off the shore of the Greek island of Antykithera, might reveal first DNA from an ancient shipwreck victim.
The mummified remains of a man dubbed Ötzi, that were found in 1991 on the border of Austria and Italy underwent specialised DNA analyses to reveal new information about the clothes that the man was dressed in at the moment of death.
The new method analysing proteins in the fibres of the cloths or skin of mummified Iron Age bog bodies sheds new light on habits of Europeans living 2000 years ago. Proteins provided species recognition in 11 out of 12 samples and confirmed previous microscopic identification.
Latest research shows that late Stone Age hunter-gatherer communities spent time working out the basics of farming on the fertile lands of what is now Turkey before taking this knowledge migrating to Europe as gene material gathered among burials of early European settlers and early farmers in Central Turkey shows resemblance.
Nine Iron Age skeletons were uncovered during excavations at a pre-Roman town near Winterborne Kingston in Dorset, United Kingdom. The find is significant due to the fact that most tribes of that time cremated or put bodies in wetlands.
Excavations in the Kolegiacki square in Poznań (Western Poland) revealed a burial with trepanation marks on the skeleton’s head. The remains, dated to 17th century may be one of the oldest known signs of such surgical techniques in Poland, as another well studied find of such marks is dated back to 1613.
An interdisciplinary project to study over 40 human and animal mummies has began, being carried out by archaeologists from University of Warsaw.