Early Medieval settlement at the present-day town of Agsu in Azerbaijan was unearthed by archaeologists. The town dated from 3rd to 4th century AD developed around a Sassanid period fortress walls.
Archaeologists in Jerusalem (Israel) have unearthed ruins of a fortress built 2000 years ago by Greeks. The ruins form relics of the Hellenistic Period of the region. The citadel, until now known only from texts, was at the heart of a bloody rebellion that eventually led to the expulsion of the Greeks.