Neolithic settlement with a long house unearthed

Remains of a Neolithic farm with a long house dating back to Early Neolithic have been unearthed by archaeologists in Stobno, North-west Poland. The site is believed to date to 4600 BC.

Overview of the site (by Marcin Bielecki)

Archaeologists discovered a pit belonging to a house supported by timber poles. This house is believed to have measured several dozen metres in length and around 10 metres in width. The pit covers an area of 160 square metres and is one of the largest in the region. Researchers, led by Marcin Dziewanowski unearthed nearly 500 pottery pieces and 400 stone tools of the Linear Pottery culture, and identified remains from different periods, including several Neolithic cultures of the 3rd millennium BC, Iron Age and Early Medieval age. The most interesting finds are connected with the Rössen culture (or Roessen culture) existing throughout Central Europe between 4600–4300 BC. So far only three such settlement have been identified in Poland, with the first documented in 1994. All these sites are located in the area of Police, on the left bank of Oder river. The recently discovered is the largest and revealed more artefacts than all previously studied ones. The researchers link the site with the phase of colonisation of the area in Early Neolithic by the cultures originating between the Rhine and Elbe rivers.

Pottery fragment found at the site (by Marcin Bielecki)

(after Marcin Bielecki, Nauka w Polsce & Radio Szczecin)

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