Researchers have surveyed the shores along the Vistula river south of Warsaw, Poland’s capital, in order to detect unknown archaeological sites. Among the new, previously unknown discoveries are 19th-century fortifications, salt chamber, and military earthworks.
A 9.7-million-year-old fossilised teeth were discovered in the former riverbed of the Rhine in Eppelsheim near Mainz, Germany. The teeth don’t appear to belong to any species discovered in Europe or Asia.
Analysis of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes in the bones of early humans from the Buran Kaya caves on the Crimean Peninsula, Russia-occupied Ukraine, and the locally present potential prey animals such as Saiga, horses, and deer, revealed that early modern humans consumed more plants than Neanderthals but ate very little fish.
Archaeologists carrying out excavations near Supraśl, North-West Poland discovered artefacts linked to the Bell Beaker culture that existed in the period of transformation from the Neolithic to the Bronze age. The discovery marks the farthest east site where artefacts of this culture have been discovered worldwide.
Researchers analysing the DNA of members of Europe’s first literate Bronze Age societies of Minoans (c. 2600 to 1100 BC) and Mycenaeans (c. 1700 to 1050 BC), revealed the origins of these populations. It turned out that ancestors of both civilisations were populations from Neolithic Western Anatolia and Greece, and that Minoans had deep roots in the Aegean.
Archaeologists discovered a Bronze Age wooden container in an ice patch at an altitude of at 2650 metres at Lötschberg mountain in the Swiss Alps. Analysis of the biomarkers from the food residue shed light on spread and exploitation of cereal grains in Prehistoric Europe.
Archaeologists believe that nine tombs dated to the Bronze Age, which were recently discovered near Carlomanesti, eastern Romanian region of Buzau, provide valuable information about ancient trade between Eastern and Western Europe.
Genetic material from the femur of an archaic European hominin collected by researchers provides a timeline for a proposed hominin migration out of Africa that occurred after the ancestors of Neanderthals arrived in Europe by a lineage more closely related to modern humans.
Subway construction works in Chengdu, Sichuan province of China, unearthed a tomb being more than 2100 years old, which contained small model looms being the earliest evidence on record of looms that could be used to weave patterns.
The oldest fossil human cranium in the cave of Aroeira, Portugal was found, representing also the westernmost human fossil ever found in Europe from the middle Pleistocene epoch, being about 400000 years old.
Analysis of dental calculus from a Neanderthal upper jaw found in cave sites in Spy, Belgium, and El Sidrón, Spain, provided new details about the diet of the Neanderthal populations living in Europe between 50000-42000 years ago.
Study of marine pebble tools from an Upper Palaeolithic burial site Caverna delle Arene Candide in Liguaria, Italy, suggests that objects might have been ritually destroyed to remove their symbolic power some 5000 years earlier than previously thought.
Researchers discovered an engraved image of an aurochs on a limestone slab found in a rock-shelter called Abri Blanchard, south-western France. The image is dating 38000 years to the past and is one of the earliest known images of nature made by modern humans.
Excavations at Grojec hill in Żywiec, southern Poland, revealed numerous glass artefacts and half-products that indicate a glass workshop operated there 2000 years ago. This might be the possible oldest glass production site in Poland.