Archaeologists unearthed 171000-year-old tools attributed to the Neanderthals at Poggetti Vecchi, Grosseto, Central Italy. The findings provide evidence that the Neanderthals used fire to craft them.
Analysis of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes in the bones of early humans from the Buran Kaya caves on the Crimean Peninsula, Russia-occupied Ukraine, and the locally present potential prey animals such as Saiga, horses, and deer, revealed that early modern humans consumed more plants than Neanderthals but ate very little fish.
Archaeologists discovered a piece of split limestone excavated over 100 years ago in Krapina, northern Croatia, suggesting that a Neanderthal collected the rock due to the crystal inclusions on the surface and brought it to the cave, possibly motivated by curiosity or intrigued by it, 130000 years ago.
Archaeologists excavating the Azokh cave in Artsah, Nagorno-Karabakh, discovered unique artefacts from different periods, among them a tooth from a human who lived 7000 years ago.