Analysis of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes in the bones of early humans from the Buran Kaya caves on the Crimean Peninsula, Russia-occupied Ukraine, and the locally present potential prey animals such as Saiga, horses, and deer, revealed that early modern humans consumed more plants than Neanderthals but ate very little fish.
Genetic material from the femur of an archaic European hominin collected by researchers provides a timeline for a proposed hominin migration out of Africa that occurred after the ancestors of Neanderthals arrived in Europe by a lineage more closely related to modern humans.
International team of scientists successfully recovered and analysed ancient DNA from Egyptian mummies dating from approximately 1400 BC to 400 AD, establishing ancient Egyptian mummies as a reliable source for genetic material to study the ancient past.
Archaeologists analysed two known specimens of the fossil hominid Graecopithecus freybergi found in Bulgaria and Greece, revealing that common lineage of great apes and humans split several hundred thousand years earlier than hitherto assumed.
Researchers reconstructed a skull of an European saber-toothed cat, Homotherium latidens, that was found at the Schöningen excavation site in Lower Saxony, Germany, in 2015.
Evidence of 9500-year-old funerary rituals involving mutilation, removal of muscles and teeth, and possibly cannibalism of fresh corpses was found in Lapa do Santo, a cave in east-central Brazil.
Excavations of German archaeologists at the site of Bassetki, near Dohuk in the Autonomous Region of Kurdistan, Iraq, revealed a 3000-years-old Bronze Age settlement.
A recent find of a Palaeolithic tool made of mammoth ivory causes speculations that it might have been used for production of rope and twine during the Paleolithic Era.