Comprehensive study of the bones of Homo floresiensis (dubbed “the hobbit”), discovered on the Indonesian island of Flores, Indonesia, in 2003, revealed that the species of tiny human most likely evolved from an ancestor in Africa and not from Homo erectus as has been widely believed.
An innovative technique known as accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) allowed to date rock art at 14 sites in three regions of Southern Africa to 5723-4420 cal BP, making them the oldest to date in the area.
Underwater archaeologists discovered remains of an ancient Roman vessel that sank off the coast of Cabrera, near the southern coast of Mallorca. The shipwreck is believed to be 1800 years old.
First biological analysis of ancient terracotta figurines found at Yikpabongo in Northern Ghana’s Koma Land between 2010-2011 revealed that they were created by an unknown African civilisation. The figurines depict ancestral figures and animals.
Polish archaeologists discovered a unique graveyard in the Affad Basin, northern Sudan, which contains graves of people in the close vicinity of cow and sheep burials. The site is dated to Neolithic about 6000 years ago.
Burial site found at Clavijo farm in Santa Maria de Guia, Canary Islands, was confirmed being the oldest cemetery of slaves on the Atlantic sea coast, dating to between 15th-17th century.
Polish archaeologists discovered previously unknown settlement sites in Burkina Faso, West Africa, possibly being the oldest in the region. Among the finds are burial mounds, tells and numerous artefacts dating back even 50000 years.
Iranian archaeologists discovered numerous ancient rock art sites across the country. Among the art are depictions of ancient hunters, tribal dances, cup marks, possible deities and beasts. But their date of creation is uncertain.
Archaeologists study the wreck of James Matthews, a former slave ship lying just off the coast of Perth. The ship sunk in 1941 and was discovered in 1973 on the depth of 2-3 metres south of Fremantle, south-western Australia.
Remains of 780,000-year-old eating habits of prehistoric men were found near Gesher Benot Yaakov, in a cave by Lake Hula in northern Israel.
Archaeologists discovered a 46000-year-old piece of jewellery in the Kimberly region of West Australia. It is made of a pointed kangaroo bone and was possibly worn pierced through the nose.
Underwater archaeologists studied remains of a Mesolithic hunting site found on the bottom of the Baltic Sea at a place where once a lagoon existed and was used as a fish-hunting area.
Archaeologist analysing Middle Stone Age tools from Ethiopia used for processing ochre revealed that societies of Homo sapiens living 40000 years ago were characterised by cultural and behavioural complexity.
Experts discovered that some of the silcrete stone tools created in South Africa during Middle Stone Age were crafted with controlled use of fire at the early stage of production.
The undersea explorer who found the wreckage of the Whydah Gally, the first authenticated pirate shipwreck in North America, claims he located where the legendary treasure of the ship’s captain, Samuel “Black Sam” Bellamy, lies. The said area is located in the waters surrounding Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA.
A study of sequenced DNA from remains of cats dated from 13000 BC to 18th century AD reveals how cats spread throughout ancient Eurasia and Africa.
Scientist using 3-D imaging diagnosed an aggressive type of cancer called osteosarcoma in a foot bone belonging to a human relative who died in Swartkrans Cave in South Africa. The remains are dated to between 1.6-1.8 million years ago.
Archaeologists from Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of Polish Academy of Sciences conducted research in a remote area between modern Egypt and Sudan revealing Neolithic sites belonging to the early pastoral societies.
One of oldest cases of trepanation in Africa was discovered in Sudan by Polish archaeologists. During excavations at the neolithic site of Khor Shambat, at Omdurman in Sudan a skeleton was unearthed dated back to 7000 years ago (5th-4th millennium BC).
Archaeologists from Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Université de Bordeaux presented the results of analysis of 17 bone tools recovered the Palaeolithic site of Ma’anshan Cave, Guizhou Province (Southern China).