Archaeologists have tested a large storage jar dating back to Copper Age (early 4th millennium BC), found at Monte Kronio site, Agrigento, Italy. Chemical analysis of its residue has tested positive for organic traces characteristic for grapes and winemaking process.
Archaeologists unearthed a 1500-year-old floor mosaic in the walled Old City of Jerusalem, Israel. The mosaic bears the names of Byzantine Emperor Justinian and a senior Orthodox priest named Constantine.
Analysis of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes in the bones of early humans from the Buran Kaya caves on the Crimean Peninsula, Russia-occupied Ukraine, and the locally present potential prey animals such as Saiga, horses, and deer, revealed that early modern humans consumed more plants than Neanderthals but ate very little fish.
A 3000-year-old statue of a female was discovered at the site of Kunulua, also known as Tayinat, in South-East Turkey. The site was the capital of the Iron Age Neo-Hittite Kingdom of Patina. The statue is believed to be an image of one of the Hittite goddesses.
Archaeologists discovered a Bronze Age wooden container in an ice patch at an altitude of at 2650 metres at Lötschberg mountain in the Swiss Alps. Analysis of the biomarkers from the food residue shed light on spread and exploitation of cereal grains in Prehistoric Europe.
Researchers identified remains of 80 individuals, discovered in a mass grave in Phaleron, South of Athens, Greece, as executed members Cylon’s army which attempted a military take-over of the city in 632 BC.
A pioneering X-ray technique has been developed by an international team of researchers, allowing to analyse artefacts of any shape or texture in a non-destructive way.
Archaeologists discovered multiple toothpick grooves on teeth and signs of other manipulations on Neanderthal teeth, dating back 130000 years, that were found at the Krapina site in Croatia.
A Hebrew inscription on the back of a pottery shard went undetected at The Israel Museum for more than 50 years, until recently when the pottery piece was subjected to multispectral imaging.
Ancient Aztec temple dedicated to the wind god Ehécatl and an adjacent ceremonial ball court were discovered in Mexico City, Mexico, behind the Catedral Metropolitana.
International team of scientists successfully recovered and analysed ancient DNA from Egyptian mummies dating from approximately 1400 BC to 400 AD, establishing ancient Egyptian mummies as a reliable source for genetic material to study the ancient past.
An ornamental bronze stud has been stolen from an exhibit “Pompeii and the Greeks” inside the Pompeii archaeological site, near Naples, Italy. The site is closed and investigation continues.
Archaeologists discovered two skeletons, dating to 5th century AD, under the walls of of the Wolseong, or Moon Castle, in Gyeongju in South Korea.
A trove of 3000-year-old weapons containing a large number of bronze axe heads was found late April in a field in the village of Hegra, near Stjørdal, Norway. According to the experts the objects date back to the Late Bronze Age between 1100-500 BC.
Comprehensive study of the bones of Homo floresiensis (dubbed “the hobbit”), discovered on the Indonesian island of Flores, Indonesia, in 2003, revealed that the species of tiny human most likely evolved from an ancestor in Africa and not from Homo erectus as has been widely believed.
Researchers reconstructed a skull of an European saber-toothed cat, Homotherium latidens, that was found at the Schöningen excavation site in Lower Saxony, Germany, in 2015.
Prehistoric finds from the Schnidejoch Pass in Switzerland’s High Alps reveal that people might have led their herds from Lower Valais to the Bernese Oberland and graze their sheep there during Bronze Age, around 5000 BC.
Analysis of raven bones found in 2005 in Crimea rock shelter used by Neanderthals revealed that the bones were intentionally cut to create geometric patterns.
The oldest fossil human cranium in the cave of Aroeira, Portugal was found, representing also the westernmost human fossil ever found in Europe from the middle Pleistocene epoch, being about 400000 years old.
Analysis of dental calculus from a Neanderthal upper jaw found in cave sites in Spy, Belgium, and El Sidrón, Spain, provided new details about the diet of the Neanderthal populations living in Europe between 50000-42000 years ago.