Rectangular copper mask, believed to be 3000 years old, that was found in Argentina is among the oldest metal man-made artefacts from South America.
A recent study suggests that rice was first domesticated in China around 9400 years ago, basing on radiocarbon dating of rice samples and phytoliths from the Shangshan site in the Lower Yangtze, China.
Mummies of the Chinchorro people, dating 7400 years to the past, are scheduled for DNA analysis and computerized tomography scans. The 15 selected mummies of mostly children and unborn babies, were found on the Pacific coast of South America, at the edge of the Atacama desert.
Evidence of 9500-year-old funerary rituals involving mutilation, removal of muscles and teeth, and possibly cannibalism of fresh corpses was found in Lapa do Santo, a cave in east-central Brazil.
Archaeologists from Poland and Italy are working together on numerous sites scattered across South America, in order to preserve and restore them and also to unravel their ancient mysteries. These sites include the geoglyphs at Nazca Desert, Inca sites in the Machu Picchu area in Peru, and the sites of Tiwanaku and Samaipata in Bolivia.
Remains of a 200-year-old plantation manager’s building, owner’s mansion and a kitchen building were unearthed through excavation in La Caroline, north-eastern French Guiana. The plantation was one of hundreds functioning between 18th-19th centuries in that area of South America.
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