Archaeologists discovered a well equipped graves dating to 2nd-3rd centuries AD in Pakoszówka, South-East Poland. It is believed these graves belong to Vandal warriors and the site is just the second such in the Subcarpatian region.
The site was discovered in 2011 but it remained a secret until recent so no illegal looters would rob it. Over 10 burials of mostly men were discovered at the site, which dates to the Roman period. The individuals were buried with impressive grave goods, including weapons, objects of every-day use, and jewellery. It is believed the site is connected with the migration of the Vandals, a barbaric tribe, during the Marcomannic Wars in 2nd century AD between the Roman Empire and Germanic tribes of Marcomanni and Quadi and the Sarmatian Iazyges.
Vandals are known to have occupied various regions of Poland between 3rd-2nd centuries BC, including Greater Poland, Kuyavia, Lower Silesia, Holy Cross region, Lesser Poland, and Subcarpatia. Vandals occupied these areas for six centuries and later moved South and South-East. Another well known necropolis is located in Prusiek and its excavations started 10 years ago.
They burnt their deceased in pyres and the ashes were places within the graves together with armaments and valuable objects. Such burials are known in two forms – of a simple pit containing the ashes within an urn, shield, sword, an spear, and of a pit containing the remains of the deceased within an organic container.
It is believed the necropolis might be connected with a Vandal settlement nearby, possibly those discovered in the vicinity of modern Srogowo Górne and Pakoszówka. Judging from the finds, the experts are sure the community who used the necropolis was not a poor one. The finds attest to the trade links between the Roman Empire and the barbaric tribes. The artefacts found within the graves include shield bosses, spear heads, fibulae, swords, and jewellery, among which is an unique golden pendant – first of its kind discovered in Poland.
(after Muzeum Historyczne w Sanoku & eSanok)